Australia its facts and general information

Australia, its history and location.

Australia, formally known as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country that belongs to the territory of Oceania. It is the main continental mass that occupies the Sahul platform and is between the Indian, Antarctic and Pacific Glaciers oceans; it is divided from Asia by the oceans of Arafura and Timor. It borders on the nations Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand to the southeast.

How does the history of Australia begin?

The history of Australia ( * goes back to when men came on its territory for the first time. Australian aborigines came by vessel through the southeast of the Eurasian place roughly 60,000 years ago, however, the date is in debate given that Australian prehistory is thought to be several years more extensive because there are no writings of human being activities before contact with Europeans. And, also, about 1,000,000 aborigines already occupied the territory when they colonized it.
It is said that Australia had been found in the 16th century by Portuguese And Soanish Sailors, but they kept the information secret for ideal reasons. Then, Dutch explorers done the very first sighting a hundred years after. However, they deemed it an uninhabitable land that was not ideal for colonization and left free passing to later British “”.

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Captain James Cook.

Despite the fact that there had been some other European incursions before, what is considered as the most complete exploration of Australia was done in the 18th century with the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, claimed the place for the English crown and also took control of the Southeast of the tropical island in the name of the king of England.
Cook’s breakthroughs and the acceptance of his reports by English authorities, made possible the very first European settlement on the continent, therefore it is common to listen to that Cook is the discoverer of the southern alnd, although the true breakthrough discovery occurred more than A HUNDRED AND SIXTY years just before his journey.

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British colonization.

England was especially interested in Australia for the reason that found it as a possible solution to the issue of overpopulation they experienced at that time because of the loss in the THIRTEEN American colonies and it was thought to move a part of its people there. For this reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 1st Fleet boats left Portsmouth, England, to Botany Bay, Australia ( *More on: By doing so, settlers came and inhabited the area while displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and diseases.

It has become a Federation.

When the twentieth century arrived, Australia didn’t exist as a nation: it consisted of a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. But in 1901, the 6 different states decided in a referendum to become a federation and they selected the typical flag that these days is still the flag of Australia.
After the development of Australia as a nation, it was meant to impose a legislation on immigration management. Nevertheless, when World War II ended, several migrants from different spots found its way to the country and, at the moment, it is the home of people from various areas of the earth.


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